Philippines

UITF FAQs

UITF OVERVIEW – FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQS)

In September 2004, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas issued Circular No. 447 (amended by Circular No. 593 in January 2008) which introduced a new pooled fund concept called the “Unit Investment Trust Fund” (UITF). The launching of the UITF was meant to revitalize the Trust Business and eventually led to the phase out of the “Common Trust Fund” in September 2006.

This section aims to answer basic UITF questions as well as to educate the investors on the advantages and disadvantages in investing in UITF. While this is designed to provide reasonable working knowledge on UITF, investors are still encouraged to look up other references to thoroughly understand the UITF concept. Please be reminded that this section is purely for information purposes only and is not intended to constitute an investment advice. No recommendations regarding investments are made nor implied herein.

What is a Unit Investment Trust Fund (UITF)?

  • The UITF was created by virtue of BSP Circular No. 447 dated September 3, 2004 and amended Circular No. 593. It is an open-ended trust fund denominated in peso, or any acceptable currency, which pools together the funds of various investors, for investment in different instruments such as government securities, bonds, commercial papers, deposit products and other similar instruments.

What is the meaning of an “open-ended trust fund”?

  • It is a fund wherein investors can freely buy and sell units of participation any time subject to the fund’s minimum holding period. Units are bought and sold at their current net asset value, which is expected to fluctuate daily, depending on the prices of the securities held by the fund.

What are the advantages of UITF?

  1. It assures investors of information and guidance using a more realistic valuation method known as marked-to-market (MTM). This system allows clients to fully understand the status of their investments.

  2. It requires an accredited third party custodian to take charge of all securities or proofs of ownership of investments to ensure market integrity and iron-clad protection for the investor.

  3. Investments are limited to tradable investments, or those that can be sold or bought in an organized exchange to ensure fund liquidity at all times.

  4. Peso-denominated UITF is exempt from reserve requirement so the entire assets are fully invested to maximize returns.

  5. The bank is required to fully disclose investment risks to investors.

  6. Transparency is ensured as the list of prospective and outstanding investment outlets of the fund are made available to clients at least quarterly. Likewise, the NAVpu, year-on-year and year-to-date returns are published weekly in a national newspaper aside from being accessible daily via the bank’s website and www.uitf.com.ph.

What is Marked-to-Market?

  • Marked-to-market (MTM) is considered a more accurate and transparent method of valuation as it is able to give investors the actual value of their investments at any given date. The consolidated value of the instruments held by a UITF is easily determined by using the prices of the said instruments in the secondary market at the close of each banking day. With this information readily available for investors, they can easily get in and out of the fund at a market value that is acceptable to them.

  • It also allows the fund manager to take advantage of trading/market opportunities that may arise, thus enhancing potential returns for its investors.

What is the impact of Marked-to-Market valuation on the value of an investment?

  • Under the marked-to-market method, the value of the investment is constantly adjusted based on prevailing market rates. During times of increasing interest rates, the present value of the investment is lower. On the other hand, during times of decreasing interest rates, the present value of the investment is higher. However, if investment is kept up to maturity date, it will end up with a return effectively equal to the yield-to-maturity on acquisition date of the instrument plus the par value of the investment.

    As a result of these interim valuations, a fund’s total asset value under the marked-to-market valuation will fluctuate depending on prevailing market conditions.


Who can invest in the UITF?

  • UITFs are available to both corporate and retail investors, who, for a small investment amount, can take advantage of investment privileges normally accessible to investors with sizeable funds.

What are the different types of UITF currently available in the market?

  • The introduction of the UITF gives customers more investment options to choose from. Clients are given more choices with a wide range of fund types that include purely fixed income, balanced funds and equity and (discussed in detail below). These funds are suited to meet every customer's financial standing, investment goal, risk appetite and investment horizon. They are also differentiated by their investment objectives and risk appetite.



    • Fixed Income Fund - This fund aims to achieve steady income at low risk to the invested principal. To achieve this, the fund is invested in fixed-income instruments such as T-Bills, FXTN's and premium savings deposits. Fixed income funds are further classified according to the term of their underlying assets:



      • Money Market Fund - invested principally in short-term, fixed income deposits and securities with portfolio duration of 1 year or less

      • Bond Fund - invested in a portfolio of bonds and other similar fixed-income securities with portfolio duration which may exceed 1 year



        Sub-class Macaulay Duration
        Intermediate Term Up to 3 years
        Medium Term Up to 5 years
        Long Term Greater than 5 years


    • Balanced Fund - This fund seeks a mix of the two classes, fixed income and equity, to achieve a higher return compared to a purely-fixed income fund.

    • Equity Fund - Funds are invested mainly in stock issues to achieve a higher long-term appreciation or growth of capital. It is usually more risky than fixed income or balanced funds.

What are allowable investment outlets for UITFs?

  • Pursuant to the rules and regulations set forth by the BSP and the PNB Board of Directors, UITFs may be invested and reinvested in the following:



    • Bank deposits/deposit substitutes.

    • Securities issued by or guaranteed by the Philippine government, or the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.

    • Tradable securities issued by the government of a foreign country, any political subdivision of a foreign country or any supranational entity.

    • Exchange-listed securities.

    • Marketable instruments that are traded in an organized exchange.

    • Loans traded in an organized market.

    • Such other tradable investments outlets/categories as the BSP may allow.

How do I participate in a UITF? Subsequently, how do I redeem my investments?

  • To be an investor, you must acquire units of participation in the UITF at the prevailing price for the day, called the Net Asset Value per unit (NAVPU).

  • On the other hand, should you decide to redeem your participation in the UITF, you may compute for your proceeds by multiplying the number of units to be redeemed by the prevailing NAVPU for the day. The product gives you the proceeds of the investment.



    • Sample Computations is as follows:


      Amount invested Php100,000
      Date of contribution February 1, 2010
      NAVPU on the date of investment 1.00000
      No. of units of participation = Principal/NAVPU
        = Php100,000/1.00000
        = 100,000 units


      Assuming the client decides to redeem his investments in full on May 31, 2010:

      NAVPU at the time of redemption 1.01850
      Proceeds of investment 1.01850 x 100,000
        = Php101,850.00


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What is the evidence of investment in the Fund?

  • Every investment will be issued a corresponding Confirmation of Participation (COP). A Participating Trust Agreement (PTA) will also be given to document an investor's initial investment/participation in the UITF.



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How is the NAVPU calculated?

  • The NAVPU is the current net market value of each unit of participation in the fund. It is calculated by taking the total market value of the fund's various investments, deducting total expenses, and dividing the balance by the number of outstanding units of participation as illustrated below:



      In Philippine Peso
    Total Market Value of Investments 111,111,111
    Less Total Expenses:


    (Assuming that expenses is 10% of the market value of investments; total expenses consist of fees, taxes and qualified expenses)
     11,111,111
    Total Net Market Value of Investments 100,000,000
    Assume 100,000,000 units NAVPU = 1.00


  • The NAVPU shall be calculated everyday including holidays and will be declared on each business day in accordance with BSP rules and regulations. The NAVPU, as well as the Return On Investment (ROI) of the fund on a YTD and YOY basis will also be published in Business World every Monday and will be made available on the PNB website at www.pnb.com.ph and www.uitf.com.ph on a daily basis.



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Is the yield on UITF guaranteed?

  • No. Any income or loss of the UITF will be for the account of the investors. There is no principal protection. Past performance does not guarantee similar future results. However, even if the yield cannot be guaranteed, you are assured that your hard-earned money is being prudently managed by expert fund managers.



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Will there be an indicative yield quoted to the client at the time of investment?

  • Since the fund uses the marked-to-market method of valuation, no indicative yield will be quoted to the investor. However, the actual yield of the investment can be determined using the formula below:




        Net Income(Loss)         360
    Actual Yield = ----------------------    X    --------------   X   100
               Principal    no. of days
     
     
    Where: Net Income (Loss) = Market Value - Principal
    Market Value = # of units x NAVPU  



  • Sample Computations are as follows:

    Amount invested Php100,000
    Date of contribution February 1, 2010
    NAVPU on the date of investment 1.00000
    No. of units of participation = 100,000 units
    Date of redemption May 1, 2010
    NAVPU at the time of redemption 1.01850
    Coupon Rate of Investment 6%
    Interest Rate Scenario Decreasing
    Market Value (100,000 x 1.01850) = 101,850
    Net Income (101,850 – 100,000) = 1,850
    No of Days = 89


          1,850          360
    Actual Yield =  ------------  X  ------------   X  100  = 7.48% p.a.
        100,000           89


    Amount invested Php100,000
    Date of contribution February 1, 2010
    NAVPU on the date of investment 1.00000
    No. of units of participation = 100,000 units
    Date of redemption May 1, 2010
    NAVPU at the time of redemption 0.99850
    Coupon Rate of Investment 6%
    Interest Rate Scenario Increasing
    Market Value (100,000 x 0.99850) = 99,850
    Net Loss (99,850 – 100,000) = -150
    No of Days = 89


          -150          360
    Actual Yield =  ------------  X  ------------   X  100  = 0.61% p.a.
       -100,000           89




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Is the UITF covered by the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC)?

  • No. The PDIC only covers deposit accounts. However, PNB Trust has instituted safeguards and risk mitigants in compliance with BSP rules and industry best practices to ensure that investments are managed in the best interest of the investor.




All funds/accounts managed by PNB Trust Banking Group (Trustee) are Trust and/or Investment Management funds which DO NOT carry any guaranty of income or principal, and are NOT covered by the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC). Due to the nature of the investments, potential yield cannot be guaranteed It is also possible for the investments and their income to fluctuate as a result of prevailing market conditions. Past performance is likewise not a guarantee of future results. Any loss or income is for the account of the Trustor/s. The Trustee is not liable for losses except upon fraud, gross negligence or bad faith.

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Philippine National Bank (PNB) will open some of its branches on April 5 and 12 to process the Income Tax Returns or Payments. PNB will also extend the banking hours of selected branches up to 5:00 PM from April 1 to 15 to address the expected increase in bank transactions.



Deposit Board Rates

Please be advised of the changes in deposit board rates of Dollar Time Deposit and Prime Savings account. The changes shall take effect on January 1, 2014.


Fees and Charges

Please be advised of changes in our fees/charges & maintaining balance requirements given the need to align the same following the merger of PNB and Allied Bank last February 2013. The changes as applicable shall take effect on January 1, 2014.

Internet Banking

To Our Valued Clients,

PNB Internet Banking will launch an enhanced security feature to provide added protection for your online transactions:

• You will be provided with an Online Activation Code via SMS and e-Mail when you enroll in our Internet Banking facility

• You will also receive SMS notifications whenever you do the following:
- Enroll your Third Party Accounts
- Change your profile details (password, e-Mail address, mobile nos. etc)
- Make an immediate Fund Transfer to Third Party accounts

Please make sure that your mobile number in your Internet Banking profile is updated in order to receive these notifications.

Bank Merger

As PNB and Allied Bank continue to align their services. We are pleased to announce that PNB branches that display the interbranch transaction advisory are now capable of processing selected transactions for former Allied Bank clients. Please proceed directly to the special lanes designated for Allied Bank transactions.

Amendments in the PNB UITF's

Effective October 1, 2013, the product features of various PNB UITF's will be amended. For more details, please click this here

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